J. Today’s Ideas - Tomorrow’s Technol.

Skyscrapers: Origin, History, Evolution and Future

Pinak Ray, Subham Roy


Earthquake, evacuation, safety elevator, green building, Kangaroo cranes

PUBLISHER The Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access at www.chitkara.edu.in/publications

From humble cottages to super tall structures, human beings have progressively developed the living and working space with time. This paper describes the origin and growth of modern skyscrapers, the subsequent challenges faced, and the way it was outdone. Research papers and case studies have been thoroughly studied and important excerpts from them have been explained to show how the modern structures have been evolved. The sources and causes of evolution is debatable among researchers, this paper has taken into account 7 most vital milestones in the growth of current generation skyscrapers and their contribution to the construction industry and concludes with the ideas and scopes where growth is still possible and challenges need to be solved.


With the advent of 21st century, the world has witnessed an overwhelming growth in the dynamics of building construction that was not thought of earlier. The very limits of the maximum height, width, nature and capacity of buildings have been stretched. Governments and private sectors with enough money and economy are constantly planning buildings that would be unique of its kind. Architects are being asked to design such marvelous escapades that would attract the attention of all humans. In turn the engineers involved are constantly facing challenges to bring such masterpieces to life. This unique construction boom has not only led to the creation of cities in the skies, it has compelled the engineers to keep updating their construction methodologies [23]. As the Jeddah Tower rises from the sands of the Arabian Desert and promises to be the tallest structure man has ever made, this paper discusses about the origin of skyscrapers, their evolution and the future.

Page(s) 9-20
URL http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/bitstream/123456789/769/3/1%20-%20Skycrapers%20Origin%20History%20Evolution%20and%20Future%20-%20Pinka%20Ray.pdf
ISSN Print : 2321-3906, Online : 2321-7146
DOI 10.15415/jotitt.2018.61001

In 2018, the world population is 7.2 billion and is projected to be 9.6 billion by 2050, which can only be properly sheltered by adequately utilizing land. In order to provide shelter to such huge population it is essential for the engineers to keep on building more innovative mega tall skyscrapers.

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