Review of Modeling and Simulation Technologies Application to Wind Turbines Drive Train

  • M Sh saleh Mechanical engineering Department, Benha Faculty of engineering, Benha University al Qalyubiya, egypt
  • A A El-Betar Mechanical engineering Department, Benha Faculty of engineering, Benha University al Qalyubiya, egypt
  • A M El-Asal Mechanical engineering Department, Benha Faculty of engineering, Benha University al Qalyubiya, egypt
Keywords: Wind energy, wind turbine, drive train, wind turbine gearbox, gear dynamics, multibody modeling, multibody dynamics, planetary stag and Gear contact


In this paper, a review of past and recent developments in the wind turbine drive train is being studied. The objective is to review some of the basic approaches of drive train configuration in wind turbines and to identify drive train models including the modeling and simulation results of these models. In recent years, considerable effort has been devoted to modeling, design, and control of wind turbine including drive train .The number of publications on computational strategies (multibody dynamics) are widely used for design and simulation of wind turbines components has been steadily increasing. Lists and reviews many contributes of design and simulation method are given in survey papers [1], [2].


Download data is not yet available.


[1] A. Palermo, D. Mundo, r. hadjit, W. Desmet, 2012.” Multibody element for spur and helical gear meshing based on detailed three-dimensional contact calculations”.
[2] Abraham Derks, august 12, 2008 “Development of a Wind turbine drive train engineering model”, MSc. Thesis.
[3] Adam ragheb, Magdy ragheb, 2010. “Wind turbine gearbox technologies”, proceeding of the 1st international nuclear and renewable energy conference (INreC10), amman, Jordan, march 2010.
[4] ANSI/aGMa/aWea 6006-a03, Standard for Design and Specifications of Gearboxes for Wind Turbines, 2010
[5] Bianchi, D. B, 2007.” Wind turbine control system “Springer.
[6]. Clark, D.J. Jansen, M.J., Montague, G.T, 2004.” an Overview of Magnetic Bearing Technology for Gas Turbine Engines”, National aeronautics and Space administration, NaSa/TM-2004-213177.
[7] Concepts of Wind Turbine engineering“, The American Society of Mechanical engineering, New York NY, ISBN 0-7918-12057.
[8] David Mcmillan, Graham W. Ault, 2010. “Techno-economic Comparison of operational aspects for direct Drive and Gearbox-driven wind turbines “, Ieee, Transactions on energy conversion, vol. 25, no. 1.
[9] E. Hau, 2000.” Wind turbines: fundamentals, technologies, application and economics”, Berlin; London: Springer.
[10] G. Tapia, a. Tapia, I. Zubia, X. Ostolaza and J. r. Saenz, “electrical fault simulation and dynamic response of a Wind” Farm, International Conference on Power and energy.
[11] Gasch, r.; Twele, J, 2002.”Wind Power Plants Fundamentals: Design, Construction and Operation”. Berlin: Solarpraxis AG.
[12] Geradin M, Cardona a, 2001.” Flexible multibody dynamics: a finite element approach”. J. Wiley and Sons.
[13] Gonzalez-longatt francisco, regulski Pawel, Govinda happy, Terzija Vladimir, 2011.” effect of the Shaft Stiffness on the Inertial response of the Fixed Speed Wind Turbines and Its contribution to the System Inertia”, 2011The International Conference on Advanced Power System automation and Protection.
[14] H. li and Z. Chen, 2007.”Transient Stability analysis of Wind Turbines with Induction Generators Considering Blades and Shaft Flexibility,” in Industrial Electronics Society, 2007. IECON 2007. 33rd Annual Conference of the Ieee, pp. 1604-1609.
[15] Hauptmann S, Mulski S, Khn M, Mauer l, 2007.” advanced drive train modelling in a virtual wind turbine using the multibody simulation code simpack”. In: Proceedings of the European wind energy conference. Milan.
[16] IEC, Geneva, 2004. “Wind Turbine Generator Systems –Part 1: Safety requirements”, International electro Technical Commission, IeC 61400-1, ed. 3”.
[17] J. Tamura, T. Yamazaki, M. Ueno, Y. Matsumura and S. Kimoto, 2001. “Transient stability simulation of power System including wind generator by PSCaD/eMTDC”, Ieee Porto Power Tech Conference.
[18] Jan Helsen A, Frederik Vanhollebeke, Ben Marrant, Dirk Vandepitte, Wim Desmeta, 2011. “Multibody modelling of varying complexity for modal behaviour analysis of wind Turbine gearboxes”, science direct, renewable energy, (
[19] Joris l. M. Peeters, Dirk Vandepitte, Paul Sas, 2005.”Analysis of Internal Drive Train Dynamics in a Wind Turbine”, Published online in Wiley Interscience DOI:10.1002/.we.173, (
[20] Joris l. M. Peeters, Dirk Vandepitte and Paul Sas, 2005. “Analysis of Internal Drive Train Dynamics in a Wind Turbine”, WIND eNerGY Wind energ. (In press) Published online in Wiley Inter science, DOI: 10.1002/we.173.(
[21] joris peeters, 2006. “Simulation of dynamic drive train loadsIn a wind turbine”, katholieke universities leuven, faculties’ ingenieurswetens chapped, department werktuigkunde.
[22] Kahraman a., Singh r., 1990.” Non-linear dynamics of spur gear pair”, Journal of sound and vibration, 142(1), 49-75
[23] li, h., Chen, Z., 2007. “Transient Stability analysis of Wind Turbines with Induction Generators Considering Blades and Shaft Flexibility”, Industrial electronics Society, IeCON. 2007. 33rd annual Conference of the Ieee 5-8 Nov.2007 Page(s):1604 – 1609.
[24] litvin F. l., Fuentes a., 2004.” Gear geometry and applied theory”, second edition, Cambridge Press.
[25] Manwell, J. F.; Mc Gowan, J. G.; rogers, a. l. 2002. “Wind energy explained: Theory, Design and application. Chichester”, NY: Wiley.
[26] Morten haastrup, Michael r. hansen, Morten K. ebbesen, 2007.” Modeling of Wind Turbine Gearbox Mounting “Modeling, Identi_cation and Control, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2011, pp. 141{149, ISSN 1890{1328}.
[27] Musial W, Butterfield S, McNiff B, 2007. “Improving wind turbine gearbox reliability”. In: Proceedings of the european wind energy conference. Milan.
[28] P. ledesma, e. agneholm, M. Martins, a. Perdana and O.Carlson, 2007. “Validation of fixed speed wind turbine Dynamic models with measured data, renewable energy 32 (8) (2007) 1301-1316.
[29] P.l.C. van der Valk, January 2010.”Model reduction & Interface Modeling in Dynamic Sub structuring application to a multi-megawatt wind turbine “, MSc.Thesis.
[30] Parker RG, 2009. “Vibration of planetary gears with elastically deformable ring gears parametrically excited by mesh stiffness fluctuations”, In: Proceedings of the aSMe 2009 IDeTC/CIe. San Diego.
[31] Peeters J, Vandepitte D, Sas P, Madrid.2003.”Dynamic analysis of an integrated drive train in a wind turbine”, Proceedings of the european Wind energy Conference eWeC2003.
[32] Peeters, J., 2006. “Simulation of dynamic drive train loads in a wind turbine”, Leuven, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
[33] Pfeiffer, F., Glocker, C.: Multibody, 1996.” Dynamics with Unilateral Contacts”, Wiley, New York.
[34] Rasekhi Nejad A, Moan T., 2012.”Gear geometrical imperfections in large wind turbine drivetrains”, Proc. IMechE, Part B: J. Engineering Manufacture. 2012
[35] S. Muyeen, M. Ali, r. Takahashi, T. Murata, J. Tamura, Y. Tomaki, a. Sakahara and e. Sasano,2007.” Comparative study on transient stability analysis of wind turbine generator system using different drive train models”, IeT renewable Power Generation, 1 (2) 131-141.
[36] S. M. Muyeen, M. h. ali, r. Takahashi, T. Murata, J. Tamura, Y. Tomaki, a. Sakahara, and e. Sasano, 2007. “Comparative study on transient stability analysis of wind Turbine generator system using different drive train Models,” renewable Power Generation, IeT, vol. 1, pp.131-141.
[37] S. M. Muyeen, J. Tamura, and T. Murata, 2009.” Stability augmentation of a Grid-connected Wind Farm”, Second ed.: Springer.
[38] Shabana aa, 1997.”Flexible multibody dynamics: review of Past and recent developments”, Multibody Syst. Dyn.1 (2), 189–222.
[39] Shawki abouel-seoud, Dr. Ibrahim lotfy and Dr. Mohamed elmorsy, 2011. “Dynamic analysis of wind turbine gearbox planet gear carrier using finite elements approach”, International Journal of Current research Vol. 3, Issue, 12, pp.220-225, December, 2011, (
[40] Stefan hauptmann, Steve Mulski, martin Kuhn,lutz Mauer, ewec 2007. “advanced drive train modelingIn a virtual wind turbine using the multibody simulation Code Simpack “.
[41] Tamer M. Wasfy ahmed K. Noor, September 2003.” Computational Strategies for flexible multibody systems”, appl.Mech revvol 56, no 5. Spera, D., 1995. “Wind Turbine Technology: Fundamental
[42] T. Petru and T. Thiringer, “Modeling of wind turbines for Power system studies”, Ieee Transactions on Power Systems, 17 (4) (2002) 1132-1139.
[43] Tommaso Tamarozzi, Pascal Ziegler, Peter eberhard ,Wim Desmet,2013.” On the applicability of static modes switching in gear contact applications”, Multibody Syst Dyn (2013)30:209–219, DOI 10.1007/s11044-013-9351-1.
[44] Usaola P., 2001. “Dynamic incidence of wind turbines in network with high wind penetration”, Presented at Ieee Power engineering Society Summer Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, and 15th-19th.
[45] V. akhmatov and h. Knudsen, 1999.” Modeling of Windmill Induction generators in dynamic simulation Program”, International Conference on electric Powerengineering.
[46] Waleed K. ahmed, 2012.”Mechanical Modelling of Wind Turbine: Comparative Study”, international journal of renewable energy research, Vol.3, No.1, 2013.
[47] Wriggers, P., 2006.” Computational Contact Mechanics”, Springer, Berlin.
[48] X. Yao, l. liang, and Z. Xing, 2009. “Dynamic Characteristic of the Drive Train of DFIG Wind Turbines during Grid Faults,” in Intelligent Computation Technology and automation, ICICTa ‘09. Second International Conference on, 2009, pp. 503-506.
How to Cite
M Sh saleh, A A El-Betar, & A M El-Asal. (2014). Review of Modeling and Simulation Technologies Application to Wind Turbines Drive Train. Journal on Today’s Ideas - Tomorrow’s Technologies, 2(2), 117-131.