Citation Style


Reference and citation are in IEEE. The references in the text should be cited in terms of number with brackets [1], [2], [3], [4]…..and also into the form [5]-[9], [17]. If the authors are five or more than five then please use “et al.” in italic after the name of the first author. For an example, ‘P. P. Kumar et al.’. The way of writing a particular reference depends on from where you are taking and listed it. Mainly, reference is taken from the [4] printed journal [2] to a chapter in book [3] to a e book [8] conference proceeding.



Examples of citations for different materials: IEEE


[1] H. Agrawal, S. Agarwal, Y. K. Saraswat, K. Awasthi, and V. K. Saraswat, “Synthesis and Crystallization Studies of Thermo-plastic Polyster/Titania Nanocomposites,” J. Nucl. Phys. Mater. Sci. Rad. A, vol. 1, no. 2, pp.207–211, 2014.

[2] A. Bamrara, “Applying Addie Model To Evaluate Faculty Development Program,” Issues Ideas Educ., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 11–28, 2018.

[3] A. D. Chindhe and S. B. Kiwne, “Application of Sumudo Transform and Homotopy Perturbation Method to Solve Nonlinear Differential Equations,” Math. J. Interdiscip. Sci., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2017.

[4] S. Chowdhry and R. Osowska, “In search of intellectual stimulation: understanding the relationship between motivation, deep learning and simulation in the HE classroom,” J. Today’s Ideas - Tomorrow’s Technol., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–20, 2017.

[5] A. Dev, “Modernity : A Way of Urbanism -- Banaras in Indigenous Trans-Formations,” Creat. Sp., vol. 4, no. 1, 1–28, 2016.

[6] P. Chiozzi, V. Pasquale, and M. Verdoya, “Naturally occurring radioactivity at the Alps–Apennines transition,”Radiat. Meas., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 147–154, Apr. 2002.

[7] N. Kumar, S. N. Panda, and P. Pradhan, “Hybrid Approach for Automatic Drug Dispensing and Control,” J. Multidiscip. Res. Healthc., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 69–77, 2017.

[8] F. Phillips and G. G. Hwang, “Inflection points and industry change: Was Andy Grove right after all?,” J. Technol. Manag. Grow. Econ., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 7–26, 2016.

[9] A. Rajor and G. Bhalla, “Impact of Sewage on Seed Germination and Growth of Kharif and Rabi Crops,” J. Chem. Environ. Sci. its Appl., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2016.

[10] A. S. Grewal, N. Sharma, S. Singh, and S. Arora, “Molecular Docking Evaluation of Some Natural Phenolic Compounds as Aldose Reductase Inhibitors for Diabetic Complications,” J. Pharm. Technol. Res. Manag., no. 2, 135–148, 2017.


Material Type

Works Cited

Book in print

 [1] R. Chellappa, Academic Press Library in Signal Processing, Volume 6: Image and Video Processing and Analysis and Computer Vision, Academic Press, 2018.

Chapter in book

[2] D. M.Bowers, “Keypad Access Control Systems” in Access Control and Personal Identification Systems, D. M.Bowers, Ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1988, pp. 77-91



[3] B.Fang,Y.Y.Tang, “Elasticregistrationforretinal images based on reconstructedvascular trees”, IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering,vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1183–1187, June 2006

Journal article

[4] D. Maquin, M. Luong, and J. Ragot. Fault detection and isolation and sensor network design. European Journal of Automation, 31(2):393–406, 1997.

eJournal (from database)

[5] R. W. Brodersen and R. M. White, " New Technologies for Signal Processing," Science ,vol. 195, no. 4283, pp. 1216-1222, March 18, 1977. [Online], [Accessed July 31, 2018].

eJournal (from internet)

[6] R. Q. A. Fernandes, W. A. Pinheiro, G. B. Xexéo and J. M. de Souza, “Path Clustering: Grouping in a Efficient Way Complex Data Distributions”, J. Today’s Ideas - Tomorrow’s Technol.,vol.5, no.2, Dec 2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed July. 31, 2018].

Conference paper

[7] A. Kosba, A. Miller, E. Shi, Z. Wen, C. Papamanthou,  “Hawk: The Blockchain Model of Cryptography and Privacy-Preserving Smart Contracts,” in IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, SP 2016, San Jose, California, USA, 23-25 May 2016,  V. Shmatikov and Ú. Erlingsson Conference Publishing Services, 2016. p.839   

Conference proceedings

[8] S. Juneja, Ed.,  5th International Conference on Wireless Networks and Embedded Systems (WECON): CFP16G26-ART, 5th International Conference on Wireless Networks and Embedded Systems, Oct 14-16, 2016, IEEE, 2017.

Newspaper article (from database)

[9] M. E. Bates, “The True ROI of Digital Content,” Dow Jones,p.1, July 31, 2018. [online]. Available: [Accessed July 31, 2018]

Technical report

[10] A. Sharma “Pain free Injections - Fabrication of Micro needles,” Technology Connect, Chitkara University, Vol. 4, Issue 23, July 2018


[11] S.Kumar, “Improved Multifunctional Duster and Eraser Assembly For Writing Board,” Indian Patent Office Journal, I, 81, Nov. 18, 2016.


[12] IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.


[13] L. Shrinivasan, “Decision Fusion using Interval Type 2 Fuzzy Logic for Situation Assessment,” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Electronics Engineering, Jain University., India, 2018.